Fantail Pigeons

Discover the World of Fantail Pigeons: Fantail Pigeon 101 – All There Is to Know About

Fantail pigeons are famous pigeons that people admire for their beauty and grace. Whether you wish to keep a fantail pigeon as a pet or study its breed, you must thoroughly understand everything about it. 

So, what is a fantail pigeon? This is a common domestic pigeon breed. You can distinguish them by their distinctive appearance, including a fan-like tail of many feathers. The breed is highly valued for its decorative traits and is popular among pigeon enthusiasts worldwide.

Continue reading to learn everything you need to know about these fantastic birds. This includes how to tell the males and females apart, different types of fantail pigeons, their characteristics, uses, and how to care for and maintain them.

Fantail Pigeon 101 – All There Is To Know About

The fantail pigeons originated from India, Asia, Spain, and Pakistan. You can distinguish them by their long tail feathers spread out in a circular configuration, giving the bird its name. 

This breed was mostly raised for decorative purposes and was frequently retained by royalty and wealthy people.

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, fantail pigeons were brought to Europe and the United States, where they became popular as pets and show birds. The species swiftly gained popularity in these countries, and it is now one of the most famous pigeon breeds in the world. 

Despite the breed’s many variants, all fantail pigeons have key qualities, such as their unusual appearance and endearing dispositions. 

Here is a YouTube video to help you understand more about fantail pigeons.

Different Types Of Fantail Pigeons

There are multiple recognized fantail pigeon breeds, each with its own distinct qualities and functions. Among the most popular breeds are:

Different Types Of Fantail Pigeons

1. Indian Fantail

The Indian fantail is one of the most well-known fantail pigeon breeds. You can distinguish them by their huge, fan-like tails and their look. Indian fantail pigeons are larger than other kinds and valued for their decorative traits. They are also incredibly friendly and versatile, making them popular pets.

Indian Fantail

2. Pakistani Fantail

Another famous breed of fantail pigeon is the Pakistani fantail. Pakistani fantail pigeons are distinguished by their sleek, streamlined bodies and gorgeous, fan-like tails. They are highly valued for their decorative characteristics and are popular among pigeon enthusiasts.

Pakistani Fantail

3. English Fantail

The English fantail is a fantail pigeon breed endemic to England. English fantail pigeons are smaller than other kinds and are admired for their decorative attributes. They are also incredibly friendly and versatile, making them popular pets.

4. Thai Fantail

The Thai fantail is a unique and exotic type of fantail pigeon, known for its intricate feather patterns and vibrant colors. This breed is highly prized for its beauty and is often kept by bird enthusiasts and collectors.

5. American Fantail

The American fantail is an Indian fantail variety developed in the United States. This breed is known for its distinctive appearance, including its large, rounded tail feathers and its distinctive head feathers. This breed is famous for its beauty and strength and is often used in pigeon racing.

American Fantail

Characteristics Of Fantail Pigeons

Fantail pigeons are known for their beautiful and distinctive appearance and several other characteristics, which includes:

Characteristics Of Fantail Pigeons
  • Fan-shaped tail: The fan-shaped tail of fantail pigeons is one of its most distinguishing features. Their long, slender tail feathers are placed in a rounded shape to form this tail.
  • Rounded body: Fantail pigeons have a round shape that makes them plump and lovable.
  • Vibrant colors: Fantail pigeons come in various hues, such as black, blue, red, and white.
  • Active personality: Fantail pigeons are lively, playful birds who like to explore and play.

How To Identify Male And Female Fantail Pigeons

Identifying the gender of a fantail pigeon can be a challenge for those unfamiliar with the breed. However, you can use various methods to establish the gender of a fantail pigeon accurately. 

How To Identify Male And Female Fantail Pigeons

Method 1: Observing Physical Characteristics

One of the most effective ways to identify the gender of a fantail pigeon is to observe its physical characteristics. 

Male fantail pigeons are larger and more robust than females, having wider chests and thicker necks. They may also have a more prominent crest on their head and tail feathers that are slightly longer and more robust.

Method 2: Observing Behavioral Characteristics

Observing a fantail pigeon’s behavior is another technique to establish its gender. 

Male fantail pigeons are often more energetic and blunt than females and may be more inclined to engage in aggressive courtship displays. Females, on the other hand, are more docile and may exhibit more passive behavior.

Uses Of Fantail Pigeons

Fantail pigeons are commonly kept as pets, but this beautiful and distinct bird breed has various other uses. Some of the most common uses of fantail pigeons include:

Uses Of Fantail Pigeons

Show birds

Fantail pigeons are popular display birds frequently used in beauty pageants and exhibits.

Racing birds

Some fantail pigeons are trained for racing and compete in pigeon races.

Therapy birds

Fantail pigeons are loving and peaceful birds that can be utilized as therapy animals. They have a relaxing impact on people and have been used in therapeutic programs for those with impairments, mental health disorders, and the elderly.

Ornamental birds

Fantail pigeons are frequently kept as ornamental birds inside or outside in aviaries. Their attractive appearance and energetic temperament make them a popular option among bird enthusiasts.

Breeding Birds

Fantail pigeons are also employed for breeding since they can produce high-quality progeny. They are frequently used in breeding projects to create or improve new breeds.

Care And Maintenance Of Fantail Pigeons

Fantail pigeons are low-maintenance pets that are simple to care for. They are tough birds that are disease-resistant, but regular care is still required to ensure their health and well-being.

Care And Maintenance Of Fantail Pigeons
  • Diet: Fantail pigeons require a well-balanced diet that contains high-quality seed mix, fresh fruits and vegetables, and pigeon feed supplements. It is critical always to have clean, fresh water available.
  • Housing: Fantail pigeons should be kept in a large, well-ventilated cage with lots of space to move around. The cage should be peaceful and safe, away from potential predators and loud noises.
  • Health: Regular veterinary examinations are necessary to ensure the health of your fantail pigeon. A lack of appetite, lethargy and unusual eye or nose discharge are all sickness symptoms. If you feel your bird is ill, you should take it to a veterinarian immediately.
  • Grooming: Regular grooming is vital to keep your fantail pigeon healthy and looking its best. This involves cleaning its cage, bathing it regularly, and inspecting its feathers for signs of injury or parasites.
Pigeons are fascinating birds that can capture anyone’s attention. If you’re interested in learning more about them, we have a wealth of articles on our website that cover various aspects of pigeon keeping. One such article is on using pigeon poop as fertilizer, which can be beneficial for your garden. Additionally, if you’re wondering why pigeons keep coming to your balcony and nesting, our informative article on why pigeons keep coming to my balcony and nesting can help you understand their behavior and ways to deter them. At Aviculture Blog, we have detailed information on various pigeon breeds, their characteristics, care, and health. If you want to learn more about these fascinating birds, browse our website to discover more valuable insights.


Here are a few more related questions you may need to know.

Q1: How much do fantail pigeons cost?

A fantail pigeon can range in price from $20 to $50. The cost of fantail pigeons varies depending on the birds’ location and availability. Rare and high-quality fantail pigeons cost hundreds or even thousands of dollars.

Q2: How many eggs do fantail pigeons lay?

Fantail pigeons typically lay two eggs per clutch. The female pigeon incubates the eggs for 17 to 19 days. In most cases, the eggs hatch one day apart.

Q3: Can fantail pigeons fly?

Yes. Although fantail pigeons can fly, they have been selectively bred for their appearance rather than their ability to fly. Due to the length and size of their tails, certain fantail pigeons may have limited flight ability, although they are not commonly used for racing or aerial entertainment.


Fantail pigeons are beautiful birds cherished for generations for their looks. They are low-maintenance pets that are simple to care for, but they still require proper care and attention to ensure their health and well-being. 

Fantail pigeons are a fantastic choice for bird lovers everywhere. They will provide you with years of fun and beauty if properly cared for and maintained. And now that you are familiar with fantail pigeon 101 – all there is to know about.

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